REMEDIAL TEACHING is identifying slow learners and giving them the necessary guidance to help them overcome their problems, after identifying their areas of difficulty. Contrary to what is said, remedial teaching is done perfunctorily without identifying their areas of difficulty and underlying cause for lagging behind. Some students are unsympathetically branded as `blockheads’ without an earnest attempt to know the real cause of their slow learning.
The role of the teacher in helping Slow Learners with special needs:
1. Data Collection:
Maximum information about such children should be secured and their interests should be discovered.
2. Special Classes:
Special classes for slow-learning children.
3. Partial Segregation:
It has been stated, “The children should be included in the total school set-up, regularly participating in assembly programmes, organised play, and other activities enjoyed by all children. “ The problems should be clearly explained.
4. Short Assignments:
Assignments given to the students should be broken up into short and simple units.
5. Drill Work:
Sufficient drill work should be done.
Frequent summaries of the important points of discussion should be used.
Pupils should be praised occasionally when they have done their assignments well.
8. Proper Evaluation:
A good set of tools should be provided for proper evaluation.
9. Close Supervision:
Supervision should be very close.
10. Audio-Visual Aids:
Auditory and visual aids facilitate learning among slow learners.
11. Opportunities for Creative Expression:
Opportunities should be provided to slow-learning children for expression of creativeness with their hands.
12. Diagnostic Tests:
Diagnostic tests should be used in working with slow-learning children.
13. Curricula According to Interests:
Courses and curricula should be selected by the students on the basis of aptitude, interest and need with the help of their counsellors.
14. Vocational Programmes:
Vocational programmes should not be forced upon slow-learners as such children do not always have the necessary aptitude to acquire the vocational skill.
15. Equality of Opportunity in Recreational Programmes:
Recreational programme athletics, music, art, dramatics, etc., should be opened to all on an equal basis.
16. Remedial Teaching:
Remedial teachers may be appointed who meet such students twice a week.
17. Cooperation of All Agencies:
All agencies engaged in the children’s welfare work should co-operate to help and guide slow learners.
Educational programmes for Slow Learners:
Periodical Medical Check-up
Special Methods of Teaching
Home Visits by the teachers
Maintenance of Progress Record
In the sidebar, you can go through the video on Dr. Khalid Jamil known as Big Brother (Head of Rehabilitation Center Meo Hospital Lahore) talks about slow learning due to Cerebral Palsy and brain damage.